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Signs of a Language Disorder
  • Does not smile or interact with others (birth and older)

  • Does not babble (4 - 7 months)

  • Makes only a few sounds or gestures, such as pointing (7-12 months)

  • Does not understand what others say (7 months - 2 years)

  • Limited words (12-18 months)

  • Words are not easily understood (18 months - 2 years)

  • Does not put words together to make sentences (1.5 - 3 years)

  • Has trouble playing and talking with other children (2 years and older)

  • Has trouble with early reading and writing skills (2.5 years and older )

Signs of a Speech Sound Disorder
  • Says p, b, m, h, and w incorrectly in words (1-2 years)

  • Deletes a consonant sound int the beginning of words (1 year and older)

  • Says k, g, f, t, d, and n incorrectly in words (2-3 years)

  • Produces speech that is unclear, even to familiar people (2-3 years)

Signs of Stuttering (Disfluency)

Stuttering can occur in kids between 2-5 years of age and may completely resolve itself on its own. The stuttering events may come and go and can last for several weeks before disappearing. However, if your child experiencing the following signs for more than a few months please contact a professional for assistance. 


  • Speech breaks while trying to say a word—“—–boy” for “boy”

  • Repeats first sounds of words ----- "b-b-b-ball" for "ball"

  • Stretches sounds out—“ffffff-farm” for “farm”

  • Shows frustration and facial tension when trying to get words out

Signs of a Potential Feeding and/or Swallowing Disorder
  • Child arches back or stiffens when feeding

  • Cries or fusses when feeding

  • Falls asleep when feeding

  • Has problems breast feeding

  • Has trouble breathing while eating and drinking

  • Refuses to eat or drink

  • Eats only certain textures, such as soft food or crunchy food

  • Takes a long time to eat

  • Has problems chewing

  • Coughs or gags during meals

  • Drools a lot or has liquid come out her mouth or nose

  • Gets stuffy during meals

  • Has a gurgly, hoarse, or breathy voice during or after meals

  • Spits up or throws up a lot

  • Is not gaining weight or growing

Portions of this material were taken from the American Speech and Hearing Association. If you would like more information, please visit

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